Welcome to Katherine

Katherine, in the Northern Territory, is known as the “Crossroads of the North”. The Katherine region stretches from the Gulf of Carpentaria to the Western Australian border and is an area steeped in pioneering and Aboriginal history. The town of Katherine is 317 kilometres (197 miles) south of Darwin and after the Overland Telegraph was established at Knott’s Crossing in the 1870’s the settlement became a service centre for the surrounding cattle industry.

The Katherine Icon

The Katherine Icon, a magnificent bronze statue, greets you as you drive into Katherine from the south. The project of the Northern Territory Cattlemen’s Association, it was erected in 2002, the Year of the Outback and pays homage to those who work the land, past and present, and to those who will face the challenges of tomorrow.

Arriving at the caravan park in Katherine

We arrived in Katherine on a hot and sunny day in April and checked into the Shady Lane Tourist Park ([star][star][star][star]). And shady it certainly is, with its magnificent palms spread throughout the park. It didn’t take long to get our camp organised and have a bite to eat while we decided what to do first. A visit to the information centre after lunch was first thing and we learned there that the Ghan, Australia’s most famous train, is in Katherine today. John wanted to see the train – considering we had seen so much of the old Ghan in South Australia, he wanted to see one that actually works – however we couldn’t get close enough to it. We drove around to the station and managed a few photos but it was a little disappointing. High wire fences separate the road and parking area from the train.

A swim with the crocodiles?

Leaving the station we decided on a visit to the Low Level Nature Reserve on the banks of the Katherine River. 5 kilometres (3 miles) from town, it is a popular swimming, picnic, and fishing area for locals and visitors alike. There were signs all over the place warning of saltwater crocodiles but people didn’t seem to care and went swimming anyway! Not for me, thank you very much! I don’t fancy being any crocodile’s dinner! Colonies of Flying Foxes can be found in the trees lining the river and their constant chattering created an awful racket.

Low Level Nature Reserve
Low Level Nature Reserve

Fishing in Katherine?

On the way back we made a quick stop at Knott’s Crossing so that John could see what the fishing was like. The site of the original settlement of Katherine, today it is a popular place for fishing and relaxing.  There is a weir with a shallow crossing here that is reputedly very good for fishing and a man was standing on the weir but whether he was catching anything or not, we couldn’t tell.

First night bubbly in Katherine

First night bubbly with Two Tails
First night bubbly with Two Tails

It was late in the afternoon when made our way back to camp and our “first night” bottle of Two Tails Sparkling Wine. This tourist park is a lovely spot and really is, as the name suggests, a shady lane. Beautiful grassy sites set among palms and many other trees. The only real sticking point is the cane toads. These ugly things are all over the place here, especially the bathrooms and laundry at night and I shudder just thinking about them.

A breakfast cruise

We were out of bed long before the sun came up the next morning and off to Nitmiluk National Park – formerly Katherine Gorge. The Gorge itself is 29 kilometres (18 miles) from Katherine and we had arranged to take the Dawn Break Breakfast Cruise. There are not many things that can get me out of bed before sunrise on a Sunday morning but the chance to see the sun come up over Katherine Gorge is definitely one of them. Seeing the sun come up over those magnificent rock walls, the water so calm and clear, and the soft sounds of birds chirping as the gorge awakened made this the most perfect morning imaginable. The mist was rising above the smooth surface and the sun’s rays created rainbows.

Cruising the Katherine River

The cruise takes in 2 of the 13 natural gorges that have been carved through sandstone by the Katherine River over eons. The gorges are on different levels and so at the end of the first one we walked about 600 metres (about 1970 feet) to the next boat for our cruise through the second gorge. We took our time on the walk with cameras working overtime, not just us but everyone there. A big Aussie breakfast had been served while we’d cruised the first gorge and, more than pleasantly satiated, the walk did us good.

Katherine Gorge in Nitmiluk National Park
Katherine Gorge in Nitmiluk National Park
The Rockadile
The Rockadile

The “Rockadile”

We saw a number of interesting landmarks including Jedda Rock, the site of the final scene in that classic Australian movie “Jedda” (circa 1950), and the Rockadile, a rock that resembles the head of a crocodile. Our guide, with his tongue firmly planted in his cheek, claimed that this was the inspiration for Elton John’s famous “Crocodile Rock”!

Sleeping crocodile? I don’t think so!

It was in the second gorge that we also saw our first crocodile in the wild, a freshwater crocodile – he was supposedly sleeping but I think he was checking us out! Then again, he could have found it all very ho-hum; boatloads of tourists would not exactly be a novelty to him!

The cruise lasted for 2 hours and our guide, who was also the boat skipper, and the girl who served us breakfast were terrific and very knowledgeable and it was a perfect start to what turned out to be a very hot Top End Sunday. We left the Gorge and wandered off to see Springvale Homestead, the oldest original homestead in the Top End. Located 8 kilometres (5 miles) south west of Katherine, it was established in 1879. The four huge South American Raintrees that surround the homestead were planted by the original owner’s wife; she wanted one for each of their children. The homestead is open to visitors and I found the history really interesting.

The “sleeping” freshwater crocodile
The “sleeping” freshwater crocodile

Historical Katherine

Later that afternoon John went for a walk to the Katherine Outback Heritage Museum. Located at the old Katherine aerodrome, it was originally constructed as an air terminal during World War II. Today it houses artefacts and information that provides an insight into the history of the Katherine region. During the 1930’s Dr Clyde Fenton became the first Flying Doctor, providing medical assistance to remote stations and the major exhibit at the museum is his original De Havilland Gypsy Moth. This and most of the other displays are housed in the original terminal building. John said it was fascinating but I thought he was crazy to walk all that way in this heat!

It’s school, but with a difference!

One of the places we missed seeing, much to my disappointment, was the Katherine School of the Air, the first independent School of the Air in Australia. It has been in operation for over 40 years and covers an area of approximately 800,000 square kilometres (308,882 square miles) in the Top End of the Northern Territory. The School of the Air is a correspondence school catering for students in remote outback Australia. Until 2003 classes were conducted via shortwave radio but these days are mostly by video -links or internet. So we made use of the pool this evening and it was fantastic! The water was cool but not excessively so like some of the others we’d been in. The days have been very hot and the nights warm which I suppose is not unusual for this part of the country at this time of year but it’s not something I’m used to and have had quite enough of it. Give me a cold, miserable, and blustery winter’s day any time!

Katherine, the Crossroads of the North

Katherine is the hub of the Katherine Region and is the third largest town in the Northern Territory. In the 1930’s the town had a population of around 250 but it became a major supply centre during World War II and today welcomes over 300,000 visitors a year.

The Katherine Icon
The Katherine Icon

Positioned between three of Australia’s outstandingly beautiful areas, the Gulf Region, Kakadu, and the Kimberley in Western Australia, the town of Katherine is a perfect base for exploring the Top End. The Katherine River flows through the township and for millions of years it has been the centre of life and recreation for the local Aboriginals, the Jawoyn people. A pleasant and friendly town, it’s one I could go back to again and again.


The information contained in this journal is derived from our personal recollections of our visit to this town or region and is correct as at the time of publication. austracks accepts no responsibility should any of this information be incorrect or misleading due to changes, improvements, or upgrades that may have occurred to places and/or attractions since our visit.

Share this post:


Table of Contents

Related Locations:

Geraldton, WA


Nestled along the stunning Batavia Coast of Western Australia, Geraldton is a charming regional city that seamlessly blends a rich maritime history with breathtaking natural

Read More »
Broome, WA


Nestled on the northern coast of Western Australia, Broome stands as a captivating oasis where rugged wilderness meets coastal beauty. Known as the “Pearl of

Read More »
Perth, WA


Perth, the picturesque capital city of Western Australia, captivates visitors and residents alike with its unique blend of natural beauty, modernity, and economic prosperity. Situated

Read More »